Paris is a very famous tourist destination in the world, with 30 million foreign tourists per year. Paris is said to be the most romantic city in the world, there are several landmarks with various attractions. Famous institutions, as well as popular courtyards, attracting people like a huge magnet. Here are 10 places you must visit when traveling to Paris.
An iron tower built on the Champ de Mars on the banks of the Seine. This tower has indirectly become a global icon of this country, as well as one of the most popular structures in the world. Built in 1889, with a structure height of 325m and an antenna as long as 24m. When compare to a conventional building, it is the same as an 81-floor building. It was design by Gustaf Eiffe, a French engineer and architect and a specialist in metal structures. So do not be surprise if this tower is totally made of iron, with a weight of 7,300 tons.
The first and second levels can be access by stairs and lifts. A ticket booth in the south tower sells tickets to the steps that start there. The initial platform of the stairs ascending from the east tower. And the third level meeting can only be access by elevator. From the initial platform or both the stairs are open for everyone going up and down. Depending on if they have purchase a lift ticket or stairs ticket. The number of steps is 9 to the ticket booth below. 328 to the first level, 340 to the second level and 18 to the lift platform on the second level.
Arch de Triomphe
Or the Triumphal Arch that stands majestically on the Place de lÉtoile. This building was built by order of Napoleon Bonaparte with the aim of honoring the service of his great army. The largest gate in the whole world has dimensions of 45 x 22 x 50 m. Decorate with many reliefs and statues depicting the Napoleonic wars.
The full name Arch de Triomphe de lÉtoile was form in 1806 as a feature of Napoleon’s victory against Asutria in the Austreliz war. Motivate by the Arc of Titus in Italy, each booth bears the entire record of France’s war victories.
One of the interesting things about this gate, at the base of the arch there is a tomb of an unknown soldier from World War I. His body was place on Armistice Day in 1920. And above his grave was written: “Ici Repose Un Soldat Francais Mort Pour La Patrie 1914-1918”. Above this tomb there is a lantern whose fire never go out. This fire is in memory of the soldiers who die in World War I&II. And they are not identified.
On the inside of this gate, you can also take the elevator to reach the top where there is a museum. Which contains various descriptions of this gate from the start of its construction. To reach the roof, you can ‘wade’ 46 steps. And from there, you can see the surrounding area clearly.
Place de la Concorde
A large square in the middle of the Tuileries Gardens and the Champ Elysees. Place de la Concorde is the main and largest square in Paris. This square has a long history, from the changing names, to the ‘attraction’ held here.
Initially, this square was built by Jaques Gabriel in 1755 with an octagonal or square 8 shape. In the center. A statue of King Louise XV was in his honour when he ascende the throne. But after that this statue was torn down during the French revolution in 1792. And replace with a new statue call Liberte (victory), and the square was also rename La Revolution.
This square then changed again to the Place de Greve or the graveyard square. Because here was lay a Guillotine in 1793. In a matter of 2 years, this ax has behead more than 1300 human heads alive. Alive, and one of them is King Louis XVI on January 21, 1793. After 1979, the ax was remove from the square, and the square was renamed the Place de la Concorde from 1830, to the present day.
Musee du Louvre, the largest museum in the world, and has the most complete collections from all over the world, this museum was once a palace and a fortress. The Palais du Louvre is a span built in the 12th century under the reign of Philip II. After that this building was enlarged again into a palace as it is today. But in 1682, Louis XIV left this palace and live at the Palace of Versailles. While this palace building was only a place to hoard royal treasures.
After changing the name and use several times, finally on August 10, 1793 this magnificent building was inaugurate as a museum displaying the nation’s works. At the time it was open, there were 537 paintings on display here. Most of the paintings and art objects in the museum’s collection are church and royal property confiscate by the French government.
One of the interesting things about this museum is the Louvre Pyramid which is a large mirror and iron pyramid. Surrounded by 3 small pyramids, in the courtyard of the Louvre Museum. The main pyramid serve as the main entrance to the museum, and was finally built in 1989. Inaugurate by the President Frenchman François Mitterrand in 1984. Experience various problems with the Louvre’s original main entrance. Which could not cope with the large number of tourists each day. Currently the Louvre Museum is home to 35,000 works of art.